The National Socialist Universty of Strassburg
Cased Medal -
Nov 23, 1941
Reichsuniversitat Strassburg 23.11.1941: tombac 58 mm medal, virtually mint condition. Case: wood box covered in simulated snake skin, black velvet and padded white satin inserts, green label by B. H. Mayer's Kunstprageanstalt Prorzheim, a very rare medal, possibly a few hundred were made, mint condition.
The History of the University of Strasbourg: The university emerged from a Lutheran humanist German Gymnasium, founded in 1538 by Johannes Sturm in the Free Imperial City of Strassburg. It was transformed to a university in 1621 and elevated to the ranks of a royal university in 1631. Among its earliest university students was Johann Scheffler who studied medicine and later converted to Catholicism and became the mystic and poet Angelus Silesius (1624–1677)
The Lutheran German university still persisted even after the annexation of the City by King Louis XIV in 1681 (one famous student was Johann Wolfgang von Goethe in 1770/71), but mainly turned into a French university during the French Revolution.
The university was refounded as the German Kaiser-Wilhelm-Universität in 1872, after the Franco-Prussian war and the return of Alsace-Lorraine to Germany provoked a westwards exodus of Francophone teachers. During the German Empire the university was greatly expanded and numerous new buildings were erected because the university was intended to be a showcase of German against French culture in Alsace. In 1918, Alsace-Lorraine was returned to France, so a reverse exodus of Germanophone teachers took place.
During the Second World War, when France was occupied, personnel and equipment of the University of Strasbourg were transferred to Clermont-Ferrand. In its place, the short-lived German Reichsuniversität Straßburg was created.
The Reichsuniversität Straßburg (RUS 1941-44) was founded on Nov 23rd 1941 by the National Socialists in Alsace while the regular University of Strasbourg had moved to Clermont-Ferrand since 1940. The purpose was to create a continuity to the German character of the German Imperial University of Strasbourg, that had been in operation from 1872 to 1918. In 1941, it was to the fore of German invaders to propagate the „pure German knowledge“ of national socialistic character in the annexed Alsace-Lorraine. When the Allies arrived in Alsace in 1944, the Reichsuniversität was first transferred to Tübingen and then dissolved.
B. H. Mayer's Kunstprageanstalt Prorzheim
I am always
interested in buying whatever you have for sale
I can also sell your items on consignment email
me or call Dan at 262-781-1328 and describe what you have